Dual Citizenship

Discover the world of dual citizenship with CitizenX

Add nationality

Countries that allows dual citizenship

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Andorra

Greenland

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Conditions

Azerbaijan

Bahamas

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Bhutan

Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Botswana

Conditions

Brazil

Brunei

Conditions

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cambodia

Cameroon

Conditions

Canada

Cape Verde

Central African Republic

Conditions

Chad

Chile

China

Colombia

Comoros

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Conditions

Congo, Republic of the

Costa Rica

Cote dIvoire

Conditions

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Czechoslovakia

Denmark

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Estonia

Ethiopia

Fiji

Finland

France

Gabon

Gambia

Georgia

German Democratic Republic

Germany

Ghana

Greece

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Hungary

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Conditions

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Latvia

Lebanon

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Liechtenstein

Conditions

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Macedonia

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Conditions

Maldives

Mali

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mexico

Micronesia, Federated States of

Moldova

Monaco

Mongolia

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Conditions

Nauru

Nepal

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Conditions

North Korea

Norway

Oman

Conditions

Pakistan

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Russia

Rwanda

St. Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

San Marino

Conditions

Sao Tome and Principe

Conditions

Saudi Arabia

Conditions

Senegal

Serbia

Serbia and Montenegro

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia

Conditions

Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa

Conditions

South Korea

South Sudan

Soviet Union

Spain

Conditions

Sri Lanka

Conditions

Sudan

Suriname

Swaziland

Sweden

Switzerland

Syria

Taiwan

Tajikistan

Conditions

Tanzania

Conditions

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Togo

Conditions

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Conditions

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States of America

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Vatican City State

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Conditions

Yugoslavia

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Conditions

Dual Citizenship available

Dual Citizenship not available

About dual citizenship

What is dual citizenship?

Dual citizenship, or multiple citizenship, is when a single person is legally recognized as a citizen of two or more countries at the same time.Not all countries allow their citizens to hold dual citizenship.

Saint Kitts and Nevis dual citizenship
Saint Kitts and Nevis dual citizenship
Saint Kitts and Nevis dual citizenship

Benefits of dual citizenship

Security

A second passport from a stable country can be a lifesaver during political, economic, or social turmoil in one's home country.

Security

A second passport from a stable country can be a lifesaver during political, economic, or social turmoil in one's home country.

Security

A second passport from a stable country can be a lifesaver during political, economic, or social turmoil in one's home country.

Global Mobility

Many passports limit visa-free travel, requiring visas for international trips. A second passport can enhance global mobility for citizens from such countries.

Global Mobility

Many passports limit visa-free travel, requiring visas for international trips. A second passport can enhance global mobility for citizens from such countries.

Global Mobility

Many passports limit visa-free travel, requiring visas for international trips. A second passport can enhance global mobility for citizens from such countries.

Business

Dual citizenship allows individuals to pursue business opportunities in the host country and travel more freely abroad.

Business

Dual citizenship allows individuals to pursue business opportunities in the host country and travel more freely abroad.

Business

Dual citizenship allows individuals to pursue business opportunities in the host country and travel more freely abroad.

Tax Optimization

Dual citizenship can benefit tax optimization, as some countries tax only local income and exempt capital gains, allowing for more efficient wealth management.

Tax Optimization

Dual citizenship can benefit tax optimization, as some countries tax only local income and exempt capital gains, allowing for more efficient wealth management.

Tax Optimization

Dual citizenship can benefit tax optimization, as some countries tax only local income and exempt capital gains, allowing for more efficient wealth management.

How to get dual citizenship

By naturalization

Most countries have citizenship by naturalization laws that allow you to become a citizen after spending enough time living there.

By naturalization

Most countries have citizenship by naturalization laws that allow you to become a citizen after spending enough time living there.

By naturalization

Most countries have citizenship by naturalization laws that allow you to become a citizen after spending enough time living there.

By marriage

Some countries offer a fast-track route to naturalization to individuals who marry their citizens.

By marriage

Some countries offer a fast-track route to naturalization to individuals who marry their citizens.

By marriage

Some countries offer a fast-track route to naturalization to individuals who marry their citizens.

By birth

Countries with "jus solis" citizenship law grant citizenship to those born in their land – no matter the nationality of their parents.

By birth

Countries with "jus solis" citizenship law grant citizenship to those born in their land – no matter the nationality of their parents.

By birth

Countries with "jus solis" citizenship law grant citizenship to those born in their land – no matter the nationality of their parents.

By investment

Economic citizenship programs allow people to quickly acquire new citizenship by making a significant contribution to the host country.

By investment

Economic citizenship programs allow people to quickly acquire new citizenship by making a significant contribution to the host country.

By investment

Economic citizenship programs allow people to quickly acquire new citizenship by making a significant contribution to the host country.

Which countries allow dual citizenship?

Country

Dual citizenship

Conditions and exceptions

Afghanistan

A former citizen of Afghanistan, who fled the country due to political instability or war and has acquired new citizenship, may still hold “unofficial” Afghan citizenship

Albania

Algeria

American Samoa

American Samoa follows U.S. guidelines for dual citizenship.

Andorra

Spain recognizes dual nationality with Andorra.

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria


Dual citizenship is allowed for individuals who gain two nationalities at birth. Dual citizenship is also allowed if it is in the interest of Austria.

Azerbaijan

Bahamas

Dual citizenship allowed until 18 years of age.

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Bangladeshi citizens and their children who have foreign citizenship must apply for a Dual Nationality Certificate.

Barbados

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Buthan

Bolivia

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Provided there is a bilateral agreement between the two states.

Botswana

Dual citizenship allowed until 21 years of age.

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam

Dual citizenship allowed until 18 years of age.

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cambodia

Cameroon

Dual citizenship allowed until 21 years of age.

Canada

Cape Verde

Central African Republic

Chad

N/A

Chile

China

Colombia

Comoros

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)

Dual citizenship allowed until 21 years of age.

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)

Costa Rica

Ivory Coast

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

East Timor

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Estonia

Eswatini

Ethiopia

Fiji

Finland

France

Gabon

N/A

The Gambia

Georgia

Allowed only when citizenship is granted to a foreigner by the President.

Germany

Must apply for a retention permit in order to keep German nationality before applying for second citizenship.

Ghana

Greece

Grenada

Guatemala

Dual citizenship allowed as long as the other country allows it too.

Guinea

N/A

Guinea-Bissau

Dual citizenship allowed if emigration occurred for economic reasons.

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Dual citizenship allowed if a treaty exists with that country.

Hong Kong

Hungary

Iceland

Dual citizenship allowed if the other country also allows it.

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Dual citizenship allowed until 22 years of age.

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

North Korea

North Macedonia

South Korea

Kosovo

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Laos

Latvia

Lebanon

Lesotho

Dual citizenship allowed until 21 years of age.

Liberia

Dual citizenship allowed until age of maturity.

Lybia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Dual citizenship allowed only in certain circumstances.

Luxembourg

Macau

Madagascar

Malawi

Dual citizenship allowed until 22 years of age.

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mexico

Micronesia

Dual citizenship allowed until 18 years of age.

Moldova

Moldova

Monaco

Mongolia

Montenegro

Dual citizenship allowed only if a bilateral treaty exists with the other country.

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar, Burma

Namibia

Dual citizenship allowed only for Namibian citizens by birth.

Nauru

Nepal

Netherlands

Dual citizenship allowed if you were born in another country and thus acquired nationality, or lived there as a minor, or if you automatically acquired your spouse’s nationality.

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Dual citizenship allowed for citizens of Nigeria by birth.

Norway

Dual citizenship allowed if original nationality cannot be renounced.

Oman

Pakistan

Only with the 18 countries with which it has an agreement.

Palau

Dual citizenship allowed until 21 years of age.

Palestinian Territories

N/A

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Multiple citizenship allowed for citizens by birth or descent where international treaties exist.

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Russian Federation

Rwanda

Saint Kitts & Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe

Scotland

Senegal

N/A

Serbia

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia

Dual citizenship allowed for citizens by birth or descent.

Solomon Islands

Dual citizenship allowed until 18 years of age.

Somalia

South Africa

Dual citizenship allowed only if permission is granted to keep South African citizenship beforehand.

South Sudan

Spain

Dual citizenship allowed if desire to keep Spanish nationality is declared within 3 years of acquiring the foreign nationality.

Sri Lanka

Dual citizenship allowed only if permission is granted to keep South African citizenship beforehand.

Sudan

Suriname

Sweden

Switzerland

Dual citizenship allowed provided the other country does not require forfeiture of original nationality.

Syria

Taiwan

Tajikistan

Dual citizens will only be considered citizens of Tajikistan.

Tanzania

Dual citizenship allowed until 18 years of age.

Thailand

Tibet

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad & Tobago

Dual citizenship allowed only for citizens of Trinidad & Tobago by birth or descent.

Tunisia

Türkiye

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

N/A

Uganda

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Vanuatuan child born abroad, who obtains the citizenship of the country of birth, is allowed to retain dual citizenship until the age of 18. Then the person must renounce the foreign citizenship or Vanuatuan citizenship will be revoked.

Vatican City

Venezuela

Vietnam

British Virgin Islands

Yemen

Dual citizenship allowed only if prior permission granted.

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Dual citizenship allowed only for citizens by birth.

Frequently asked questions

Questions? Answers.

What are the downsides of dual citizenship?

What are the downsides of dual citizenship?

What are the downsides of dual citizenship?

Which Passport Should Dual Citizens Use?

Which Passport Should Dual Citizens Use?

Which Passport Should Dual Citizens Use?

How does dual citizenship affect taxes?

How does dual citizenship affect taxes?

How does dual citizenship affect taxes?